Missing Batteries, Outdated Alarms Put U.S. Families at Risk.


  • An average of 3,000 Americans die in fires each year

  • Nearly two-thirds of home fire deaths occur in homes without smoke alarms or working smoke alarms, mainly due to missing or dead batteries. (NFPA)

  • A recent Kidde survey revealed that 58% of Americans don’t know that batteries should be changed every six months; 61% have left their alarms without a working battery.

  • Smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years. (NFPA)

  • A recent Kidde survey found one out of four older U.S. homes need updated fire safety equipment; that equals 17 million homes with outdated smoke alarms.

Growing Trend Towards Smoke Alarms with Sealed, 10-year Batteries

Cities and states have begun requiring the use of sealed, 10-year battery smoke alarms because the technology:


  • Offers hassle-free protection for a decade (the life of the alarm)

  • Eliminates low battery chirps and battery replacement

  • Prohibits unauthorized tampering or battery removal

  • Provides an alert after 10 years to replace the alarm

  • Saves property owners up to $40 in battery costs over the life of each alarm


National fire industry organizations that support this technology include: the National Association of State Fire Marshals; Smoke Alarm Technology State Task Forces in Maryland, Ohio and California; Centers for Disease Control; and FEMA through its Assistance to Firefighter (AFG) grants. 


The following states have enacted 10-year legislation. Check the below Laws & Legislation Map for current information on your state.

 States & Cities with 10-year Smoke Alarm Laws:

 Law Effective Date:


Oregon  Jan. 1998  
California  July 1, 2014  
Lousiana  Jan. 1 2011  
North Carolina  Jan. 1, 2013  
Georgia  Jan. 30, 2014  
Maryland  July 1, 2013  
Phoenix April 18, 2014  
New York City  April 1, 2014
Madison, WI  Aug. 1 2010  
Milwaukee  June 1, 2013  
Philadelphia  Nov. 27, 2012  
Louisville  April 10, 2013  
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